How to make a worm farm, easy and cheap.
2 plastic totes
1/4″ hardware cloth (cut to the size of the bottom of your tote)
shredded newspaper, cardboard, junk mail
kitchen scraps (veggies, fruits, eggshells, coffee grounds, tea bags)
Cut out bottom of Tote 1 with razor knife that has a new blade. There should be a line that is indented. Cut on this line so you DO NOT cut out the entire bottom. This will allow an area for your hardware cloth to lay securely. With your drill and 1/4″ bit,drill holes around the top of the tote about 1-2″ down from the top of the tote. These are air holes.
With wire cutter, cut hardware cloth the size of the bottom of Tote 1. It should be a couple of inches bigger than the hole so it fits SNUGLY. This will be supporting all the weight of the kitchen scraps, moist paper and worms.
Take the lid of Tote 2 and with your razor knife cut a hole the same size as you cut the bottom of Tote 1. They should match almost perfectly. There might even be a line on the lid you could follow. If not, you could trace the piece of plastic that you cut out of Tote 1 bottom. Which ever you you choose, the bottom hole of Tote 1 should match the lid hole of Tote 2. All the liquid from you worm farm will be passing through the Tote 1 and collecting in Tote 2.
Stack Tote 1 on top of Tote 2. They should fit nicely and the holes in the bottom and top should match. Take the lid off of Tote 1, we are now going to start adding the worm bedding, which is shredded newspaper, cardboard or junk mail. Add enough of this material so it goes half way up the tote. SLIGHTLY dampen the paper with water. Sometimes I don’t even dampen the paper because I know that my kitchen scraps have alot of liquid in them, especially if I have coffee grounds and tea bags. You ABSOLUTELY do not want your worm farm too wet. If it gets too wet, you just add more shredded paper.
Now it is time to add you kitchen scraps. Fruits, veggies, egg shells, coffee grounds, tea bags. NO DAIRY or MEATS. Also, worms don’t seem to like citrus or onions. But if you forget, no big deal. I keep a gallon size ice cream bucket under my kitchen sink for all of scraps. To this bucket I add a little shredded newspaper so the stuff in the bucket doesn’t stink. My bucket gets filled in a day or two. Now spread this bucket of scraps over the top of the shredded paper.
For every gallon of kitchen scraps, I add one cup of RED WIGGLER WORMS. Spread the worms over the kitchen scraps.***I am using gummy worms just for demonstration only***
Add a couple inches of shredded paper to the top of th worms and kitchen scraps. This will keep away knats or fruit flys. Instead of the shredded paper on top, I use a piece of cardboard the size of the tote. This makes it easier to lift up and see how the worms are doing.
Now your RED WIGGLER WORM FARM is in the process of making you one of the BEST fertilizers you could want and it is almost free. You will not add more food until you see that they have eaten alot of it. If you do have another bucket of kitchen scraps in a week or two, you will need to add more RED WIGGLERS to help eat more food. If you have too much food and not enough worms, it will start stinking. IT SHOULD NOT STINK. If liquid collects in the bottom tote, drain it into a container & add just enough water that it LOOKS LIKE a weak tea color. Now use this to water your plants.
Keep your worm farm in a cool place. Have fun. Go on YouTube and watch other peoples videos, there are hundreds. I have taken bits and pieces from several people. I found what works for me. I have several worm farms going at one time, but they are all in different phases. You will also need to know how to harvest worm castings, I will be doing a video soon on how I harvest the POOP. I also spent the Winter learning how to make the BEST WORM TEA and I will share that also with all of you at a later time.
Smiles to all of you,